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  • Rock Bolt - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    The products under consideration by Huade include FRP rock bolt, vessels, pipelines, duct valves and fittings, cooling tower, spiral, safety helmet, electric fan, cable pipe, railing, grating, crane span, and others. Rock bolt (Fig. 16.18) is widely used in underground mining to provide support to the roof or sides of the cavity. It can be used in any excavation geometry and it is simple and quick to …

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  • Rock bolt supporting factor: rock bolting capability of ...

    A properly designed rock bolting system, precluding rock blocks from sliding due to increased shear resistance of the discontinuity surfaces, can cause an increase in the rating of discontinuity condition parameters, namely persistence, aperture, roughness, infilling and weathering, from their initial values to maximum values of 6, the sum of which produces the maximum aggregate rating …

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  • Geotechnical issues in the application of rock bolting ...

    2018-6-15 · The application of a rock bolting system for Indonesian underground coal mines has been attempted for several years without any success. Recently, two new underground mining trials were conducted i...

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  • TheAnalyticalApproachtoEvaluatetheLoad-Displacement ...

    2019-11-28 · the rock bolting system to deduce the load-displacement relationship of rock bolts, the involvement of the sur-roundingconfiningmediumwasusuallynotconsidered. ItshouldbementionedthatVaculiketal.[47]conducted ananalyticalstudytoevaluatetheload-sliprelationshipof the FRP-to-substrate joints with the bond-slip model. A

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  • Rock bolt supporting factor: rock bolting capability of ...

    2015-12-19 · Rock bolt supporting factor: rock bolting capability of rock mass Mohammadi, Mohammad; Hossaini, Mohammad; Bagloo, Heydar 2015-12-19 00:00:00 Rock mass classification has played a crucial role in underground construction and mining projects in the past fifty years, especially the Rock Mass Rating (RMR) and Rock Tunneling Quality Index (Q) systems, which have been applied in many cases. The parameters of discontinuity conditions in the RMR system…

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  • AnalyticalStudyoftheConfiningMediumDiameterImpacton Load ...

    2021-4-24 · In the fully grouted rock bolting system, the bolt can deform consistently with the confining medium [6, 7]. en, the bolt tendon can interact with the confining medium to transfer the force [8, 9]. To investigate the load-carrying capacity of rock bolts,

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  • Rock Bolt Reinforcement System To Stabilise Shaft ...

    Singh, Raghu N., and Ali M. Heidarieh Zadeh. 'Rock Bolt Reinforcement System To Stabilise Shaft Intersections And Pit Bottom Roadways During Underground Reconstruction.' Paper presented at the The 23rd U.S Symposium on Rock Mechanics (USRMS), Berkeley, California, August 1982. Download citation file: Ris (Zotero) Reference Manager; EasyBib; Bookends; Mendeley

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  • Principles of rockbolting design - ScienceDirect

    2017-6-1 · 1. Introduction. Rockbolt is the most widely used support element in support systems in underground mines and civil tunnels. Rockbolting design is indeed mainly based on experience and it appears that rockbolting design is simply a business of selection of rockbolt types and the determination of bolt length and spacing, but, one essentially uses, either explicitly or implicitly, a …

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  • Synergistic effect of strain softening and dilatancy in ...

    A rock bolting system can inhibit strain softening and dilatancy. Abstract The extent of the plastic zone of the surrounding rock of a deep tunnel is significantly greater than that of a shallow tunnel, giving importance to correctly determine the post-peak mechanical behavior during a …

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  • Review on Rockburst Theory and Types of Rock Support in ...

    Cai, M. and Kaiser, P.K. (2012) Design of Rock Support System under Rockburst Condition. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 4, 215-227. Bawden, F.W. (2011) Ground Control Using Cable and Rock Bolting.

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  • Rock bolt supporting factor: rock bolting capability of ...

    2015-12-19 · The RSF was used to develop a mathematical theory of the rock bolt supporting mechanism as a new principle in explaining rock bolting effects. Finally, using the parameters of the discontinuities in the Q-system, the QRSF is defined to present the capability of a given rock mass to be reinforced by rock bolting.

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  • Principles of rockbolting design - ScienceDirect

    2017-6-1 · Layer 1, in this case, must be tightly spaced pattern bolting, which builds up an artificial pressure arch in the failure zone. The artificial pressure arch forms a protection shield over the opening. In extremely poor rock, support layer 3, cable bolting, needs to be added to the system.

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  • Centrifuge modelling of rock bolts with facing plates ...

    2020-1-22 · A centrifuge model testing system was developed, in which the preloading process of rock bolts with a facing plate in a model slope can be simulated by hoisting jacks, and pseudo-static seismic force can also be imposed on the slope by a tilting table. Simplified tests of the reinforced slope were performed with various preloading forces.

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  • Rock Slope Stability and Stabilization Analysis Using the ...

    However, to secure the potentially unstable block, a numerical rock bolt model is introduced into the NDDA framework to simulate the interactive mechanism between the rock mass and the reinforcement. The simulation result shows that the proposed rock bolt system is effective in stabilizing the slope in designed cases.

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  • Review on Rockburst Theory and Types of Rock Support in ...

    Cai, M. and Kaiser, P.K. (2012) Design of Rock Support System under Rockburst Condition. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 4, 215-227. Bawden, F.W. (2011) Ground Control Using Cable and Rock Bolting.

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  • Boltec MD – Rock Bolting Rig from Atlas Copco : Quote,

    The Boltec MD available from Atlas Copco is a fully mechanized rock bolting rig that is specifically developed for roof heights of approximately 9.5 m and for bolt lengths ranging between 1.5 and 3.5 m. The rig features a direct control system for positioning, bolting and drilling operations.

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  • Rock reinforcement systems - ScienceDirect

    It follows that the force-deformation behaviour of each system is a consequence of the particular physical and mechanical characteristics of the system components and their interactions. Using this systems approach and the associated terminology, a method is proposed for the design of reinforcement for excavations in jointed rock.

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  • RoofStabilityofRectangleCoalRoadway:InLightof ...

    2020-12-23 · roadway surface rock. In line with the development of bolting technology, the self-bearing capacity has been attracting more and more attention. Researchers and en- ... the anchor bolting system can retard rock expanding and Hindawi Advances in Civil Engineering Volume 2021, Article ID 6610304, 9 pages

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  • A Method Of Computing A Rock Reinforcement System

    This paper presents a method of computation which for economic comparison produces a system of pattern rock reinforcement that is structurally equivalent to an internal tunnel support system. If it is assumed that the internal support system is acted upon primarily by thrust, then to be structurally equivalent to an internal support system, the ...

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  • Mine Design and Numerical Modelling Laboratory - McGill ...

    2018-4-9 · Rock anchors, such as mechanical rock bolts and resin grouted rebars, are installed in almost all mine access areas such as gate roads, drifts, ramps and shafts. Due to their important role as primary rock support, it is necessary to verify that the rock bolt is functioning adequately and is not subjected to an excessive load.

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  • The effect of surface profile, rock strength and ...

    2005-7-26 · Fully encapsulated rock bolting has, in recent years, become a universally accepted system of ground reinforcement in mining and tunnel construction. The application of bolting systems extends both to rebar as well as cable bolting. The effectiveness of the bolt application has been studied in shear, both by laboratory tests as well as by numerical modeling. A specially …

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  • Energies | Free Full-Text | Identification of Rock Mass ...

    Rock bolting efficiency is a function of the rock bolt’s power to enforce the mechanical continuity of the rock. Sometimes within the range of the rock layers to be reinforced, particularly in the roof of the underground excavation, a single clear discontinuity may appear as a result of loading and intensive roof strata deformation.

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  • Stabilization Of Rock Excavations Using Rock

    The use of rock bolts for the support and stabilization of coal mining excavations was introduced over 30 years ago (Weigel 1943, Thomas, et al. 1949) and, since that time, has progressively increased until today it has become the primary support system in the mining industry and for the stabilization of large excavations for underground power ...

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  • Stillborg, B. (1994) Professional Users Handbook for Rock ...

    Stillborg, B. (1994) Professional Users Handbook for Rock Bolting. Trans Tech Publication, Aedermannsdorf, 164 p. has been cited by the following article: TITLE: Rock Mass Characterization and Support Design for Underground Additional Surge Pool Cavern—A Case Study, India

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  • Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering | Home

    2021-6-30 · Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering publishes original research on the experimental and theoretical aspects of rock mechanics, including laboratory and field testing, computational methods, design principles and site investigation. Coverage also includes case histories on design and construction of structures in rock and review papers.

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  • Diesel Hydraulic Rock Bolting Rig - Boltec LC-DH from ...

    This paper presents a method of computation which for economic comparison produces a system of pattern rock reinforcement that is structurally equivalent to an internal tunnel support system. If it is assumed that the internal support system is acted upon primarily by thrust, then to be structurally equivalent to an internal support system, the ...

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  • A Method Of Computing A Rock Reinforcement System

    Huang, Z.P., Broch, E. and Lu, M. (2002) Cavern Roof Stability—Mechanism of Arching and Stabilization by Rock Bolting. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology ...

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  • Huang, Z.P., Broch, E. and Lu, M. (2002) Cavern Roof ...

    2021-7-3 · Boltight Typhoon+ Hydraulic Tensioners Boltight Typhoon+ tensioners are our secure bolting solutions that have been developed to meet the technical and environmental demands of the wind energy market. About Expander System Products Go …

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  • Effects of Rock Bolting In Jointy Rocks | ISRM ...

    Rock bolts have been used widely for reinforcing relaxed zones around tunnels or caverns, and proved to be very effective. many researchers have carried out experimental or theoretical studies on rock bolting (Yamamoto 1978, Bjurstrom 1974 and others), and its mechanism of reinforcing has been becoming disclosed gradually.

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  • Stabilization of Rock by Bolting | Reviews in Engineering ...

    Rock bolting effects a general improvement in safety by reducing roof-fall accidents, increases efficiency, and makes for conservation in mining. This paper attempts a logical classification of rock bolts from the standpoint of utilization and provides current criteria for …

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  • Failure Characteristics of Rock-Like Specimens with and ...

    2020-6-14 · A rockbolt system will normally experience one or a combination of the three classical support mechanisms: suspension, beam building and keying(Luo et al.1998).The fundamental idea for rock-bolting is that, as the rock mass moves towards the excavation face, the rockbolts in a support system elongate and transfer the load on the surface support ...

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  • Stabilization Of Rock Excavations Using Rock

    The use of rock bolts for the support and stabilization of coal mining excavations was introduced over 30 years ago (Weigel 1943, Thomas, et al. 1949) and, since that time, has progressively increased until today it has become the primary support system in the mining industry and for the stabilization of large excavations for underground power ...

    Get Price
  • Recent Advances In Ground Anchor And Ground

    2000-11-19 · The recent advances in ground anchor technology and the related techniques of cable bolting and rock bolting are reviewed. Collectively the technology associated with the three techniques enable design engineers to address stability problems over a range of scales and in a range of geomechanical environments.

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  • Limitation of shotcrete and rock bolting ... - Indian Journals

    Limitation of shotcrete and rock bolting as supporting system in structurally weak rock formation in underground works. Madan M. M., Senior Manager (Civil) National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Limited Faridabad, India. Synopsis. Tunnelling and underground excavation are the major works in hydroelectric projects.

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  • International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences

    Rock bolting is the most effective and also the most economical means of supporting excavations in rock. Various types of bolts are used today, and an understanding of the way in which these bolts ...

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  • The Engineering Geology of Edinburgh Castle Rock ...

    2015-5-25 · Synopsis. Edinburgh Castle Rock forms part of a plug of fresh, hard basalt emplaced in Carboniferous sediments. Radial, circumferential and dome joint sets may be recognized on the rock faces forming the sides of the Rock. Joint controlled rock falls have occurred from these faces and a programme of rock bolting and grouting has been undertaken ...

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  • Research on Combined Support Technology of High Convex ...

    2017-10-12 · scholars. According to the statistics of main journals about late 30 years in China, more and more research- ers pay attention to soft rock bolting combined support technology related to coal-mining, moreover, there are * School of Civil Engineering, Henan Polytechnic Univer- sity, Jiaozuo, China

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  • The principle of stability control of surrounding rock ...

    2009-3-8 · Through the description of the deformational features of the surrounding rock around high stress engineering soft rock roadways, the coupling stabilization principle of inner and outer structures in surrounding rock was put forward. The supporting principles of high stress engineering soft rock roadway (high resistance and yielding support, timely support, high …

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  • Failure Characteristics of Rock-Like Specimens with and ...

    2020-6-14 · A rockbolt system will normally experience one or a combination of the three classical support mechanisms: suspension, beam building and keying(Luo et al.1998).The fundamental idea for rock-bolting is that, as the rock mass moves towards the excavation face, the rockbolts in a support system elongate and transfer the load on the surface support ...

    Get Price
  • Rock bolting: Theory and application in mining and ...

    Rock bolts today represent the dominant support system in mines and underground structures. Some results and experiences are discussed to give a better understanding of the strength of individual rock bolts and systems of bolts, and the interaction between bolts and rock masses of various types. Topics covered are as follows: rock bolting in theory and experiments; design …

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  • Advances in Mechanical Engineering 2017, Vol. 9(5) 1–18 ...

    2016-3-25 · the truss-bolt system in reinforcing underground frac-tured rock roofs in coal mines. Carranza-Torres12 pro-posed the method of quantifying the mechanical contribution of rock bolts installed systematically around tunnels. Reinforcement of the effects of using rock bolt on rock mass with cross-flaws was explored

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  • Limitation of shotcrete and rock bolting ... - Indian Journals

    Limitation of shotcrete and rock bolting as supporting system in structurally weak rock formation in underground works. Madan M. M., Senior Manager (Civil) National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Limited Faridabad, India. Synopsis. Tunnelling and underground excavation are the major works in hydroelectric projects.

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  • Application of nanotechnology for underground roof bolting ...

    Rock re-inforcement in Underground Coal mining is generally being done by roof bolting. Roof bolting is a pre-requisite and important activity for safety and high percentage of productive extraction of the Coal from Underground Coal mining. Nanotechnology and Nanoscience is the latest development in science and technology. Nano material based products...

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  • Advances in Rock-Support and Geotechnical Engineering ...

    Labour costs in mechanized low-stope bolting are between one-quarter and half the labour costs of non-mechanized bolting. This paper reviews the mechanized bolting option versus handheld bolting from a mining process and cost perspective in a hard rock, low-stope room-and-pillar mining operation in the platinum and chrome industries. * TWP ...

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  • A review of mechanized versus handheld bolting in hard ...

    With bolting, the failure plane was parallel to the bolt’s axis. Shearing began along the interface between the hard and soft rock beds. Compared with end-bolt anchoring, full-length bolt anchoring offered a superior anchoring effect by increasing the strength and shear-bearing capacity of the rock so that it could bear more load.

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  • Experimental Study of Bolt-Anchoring Mechanism for

    The reaction of earth to pull-out process of frictional rock bolts was here modeled by the distinct element method (DEM). Ten frictional bolts were prepared; the expanding shells of five bolts included convex edges and the others had the shells with concave bits. The strength of bolts was measured by applying a standard pull-out test; the results confirmed that the strength of shells …

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  • Investigating Earth Reaction to Pull-Out Process of ...

    E XPERIMENTAL STUDY ON SECONDARY BEARING MECHANISM OF WEAKLY CEMENTED BROKEN ROCK MASS. P ING W ANG, T AO F ENG, Y ONGJIAN Z HU, W EIJIAN Y U ISSN P RINT 1392-8716, ISSN O NLINE 2538-8460, K AUNAS, L ITHUANIA 2229 of such surrounding rock must be controlled, to make sure that it can be self-stabilizing. In view of this kind of surrounding rock, it is usually c ontrolled by bolting …

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  • Rock bolting: Theory and application in mining and ...

    Rock bolts today represent the dominant support system in mines and underground structures. Some results and experiences are discussed to give a better understanding of the strength of individual rock bolts and systems of bolts, and the interaction between bolts and rock masses of various types. Topics covered are as follows: rock bolting in theory and experiments; design …

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  • Effect of bolting on roadway support in extremely weak rock

    2016-8-17 · In mine roadway support operations, floor bolting not only played a role in floor heave control, but also in reinforcing roof and its two sides. Correspondingly, bolting of roof and two sides also played a part in floor heave control. To quantify the effect of such bolting, based on roadway support in extremely weak rock, three physical models were produced and tested in laboratory.

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  • Advances in Mechanical Engineering 2017, Vol. 9(5) 1–18 ...

    2016-3-25 · the truss-bolt system in reinforcing underground frac-tured rock roofs in coal mines. Carranza-Torres12 pro-posed the method of quantifying the mechanical contribution of rock bolts installed systematically around tunnels. Reinforcement of the effects of using rock bolt on rock mass with cross-flaws was explored

    Get Price
  • Rock Or Earth Bolt Or Anchor Patents and Patent ...

    2017-12-19 · Rock bolting system, method of installing rock bolts, and flexible bolt centralizer Patent number: 8956082 Abstract: A rock bolting system comprises independently movable hydraulic stinger, drill feed and bolting feed.

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  • Combined Roof-Bolting Systems of Mine Workings - 1st ...

    2020-8-11 · 1.1 Experience of combined roof-bolting systems application for strengthening the roof rocks of mine workings. 1.2 A mechanism for increasing the stability of mine workings by combined roof-bolting systems. 1.3 The interaction of support in mine workings with border rocks under the conditions of areas formation of their limiting state.

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  • A review of mechanized versus handheld bolting in hard ...

    Labour costs in mechanized low-stope bolting are between one-quarter and half the labour costs of non-mechanized bolting. This paper reviews the mechanized bolting option versus handheld bolting from a mining process and cost perspective in a hard rock, low-stope room-and-pillar mining operation in the platinum and chrome industries. * TWP ...

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  • Timber Support in Underground Mining - 911 Metallurgist

    For better rock mass characterization and support design, 3D engineering geological mapping was carried for the heading portion of the under construction 200.00 m long, 68.75 m high and 20.20 m wide underground additional surge pool cavern of a Pranahitha-Chevella Sujala Sravanthi lift irrigation scheme package 8, India. To study cavern behavior, 3D geologic mapping of heading …

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  • Rock Mass Characterization and Support Design for ...

    2016-8-9 · Roadway control in soft rock is a problem in many mines (Bilir 2011; Ghiasi et al. 2012; Serafeimidis and Anagnostou 2013; Thomas et al. 2013).For roadway control, a variety of support materials and structures have been developed, such as arch sheds, bolting, cables, and shotcrete (Goetze 1984; Okubo et al. 1984; Rotkegel 2001; Stalega 1995).As is necessary in situ, based on shed and bolting …

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